Warminster drainage and wastewater strategy
This strategy covers the Warminster area, served by Warminster water recycling centre (sewage treatment works). This area is a part of the Hampshire Avon management catchment and Wessex Water's drainage and wastewater management plan.
Warminster is in the valley of the headwaters of the River Wylye, one of five main tributaries to the Hampshire Avon River. The area is chalk geology which supports the groundwater fed river system and is surrounded by series of chalk hills.
The Warminster area has a predominantly separate sewer system, where wastewater, sewage from homes and businesses, is collected into the foul only sewer and is conveyed to the water recycling centre (WRC). Storm water, rainwater collected from roofs and yards, is collected into a separate surface water sewer which conveys the rainwater to the river. However, in some situations the surface water sewer discharges to the foul sewer. In these cases, under heavy storm conditions, sewer capacity can be exceeded and built in safety valves called storm overflows, permitted by the Environment Agency, can operate to prevent sewer flooding.
Water recycling centre
Flows to Warminster WRC are treated under normal flow conditions and are further treated through phosphorus removal to reduce the nutrient load discharged to the River Wylye. Under heavy storm conditions, flows into the WRC can exceed its capacity. These excess flows will first overflow to storm storage tanks. If these tanks become full, they in turn spill to the river as a storm overflow, as permitted by the Environment Agency, having benefitted from screening and a degree of settlement within the storm tank.
Hydraulic incapacity is when the drainage network cannot convey the runoff from heavy rainfall and can lead to sewer flooding. It can be exacerbated by groundwater entering the sewer systems. The Warminster area has a high risk for sewer incapacity although there are no frequent spilling storm overflows in the catchment.
Sewer misuse includes flushing anything other than the three Ps (pee, poo and toilet paper) down toilets. Wet wipes, nappies and sanitary products should not be flushed regardless of their labelling. Fats, oils and grease should not be poured down sinks in the kitchen, as this creates 'fatbergs'. Sewer misuse can lead to blockages which can cause sewer flooding. The Warminster area has a high risk for blockages from sewer misuse.
Sewers are inspected to assess their condition using a risk-based approach, using the likelihood of it failing and consequence of failure. The sewers in the worse conditions are prioritised for more frequent inspection or rehabilitation. The risk profile for the condition of the sewers in this area is at high risk compared to the rest of the Wessex Water region.
Surface water flooding
Surface water flooding occurs when very heavy rainfall overwhelms drainage systems. Responsibility for surface water flooding is complex, but in summary Wessex Water is only responsible for sewer flooding. Where heavy rainfall occurs, overland flow collects runoff into rivers or low points on the ground. See the Environment Agency flood maps for more details.
Water recycling centre
Each WRC has a permit, as agreed with the Environment Agency, for how much water is treated under different weather conditions and the quality of the water that is discharged to the environment. Warminster WRC is within capacity to meet its permit.
When untreated wastewater is discharged to a watercourse it can affect the downstream environment including the river and coastal areas. This could be from:
- unauthorised wastewater spills or leaks
- misconnections (when wastewater from household is incorrectly connected to the surface water sewer)
- storm overflows.
Future challenges in the catchment
New developments can cause an increase in wastewater requiring conveyance and treatment. Improvements to the foul sewer system to support new development will be assessed by Wessex Water developers' group and infrastructure charges paid by new developments will fund required upgrades to ensure sewer flooding risk is not increased.
Developments can also increase the area contributing to rainwater runoff to the urban drainage networks, whether it is a surface water or combined sewer, causing an increase risk in surface water and potential sewer flooding. Best practice is to utilise sustainable drainage systems (SuDS). We have a policy that surface water connections to the foul sewer system is not permitted.
Warminster is identified as a location for housing and employment growth within the Wiltshire core strategy (2015). A significant mixed-use allocation is identified to the west of the town. The Wiltshire local plan review including Swindon & Wiltshire joint spatial framework is currently in preparation with the initial consultation looking ahead to plan for the period to 2036.
To support this growth and reduce flood risk, strategic improvements will be needed to ensure the network can accommodate this increase in flow.
Climate change and urban creep
Climate change is likely to increase the intensity of rainfall leading to higher risk of flooding in the future; however, the magnitude and timing of this change is highly uncertain.
Urban creep can also pose a challenge for managing our drainage and wastewater networks. This is when existing households extend or build over gardens for car parking. This type of growth increases the area contributing to fast runoff to the urban drainage system and can increase the risk of flooding.
We are working closely with Wiltshire council to address surface water flood risk in Warminster and to accommodate development without increasing flood risk.
- Replace and reline priority sewers to reduce the risk of collapse and flooding.
- Model and assess the impact from future development on the network, considering climate change and urban creep, and identify enhancements required to reduce the risk of flooding.
- Construct strategic sewer to accommodate flows from new developments and prevent an increase in flood risk.
- Investigate the conditions of Warminster Portway pumping station rising main and, if required, carry out improvements.
- Improve phosphorus removal at the WRC to reduce nutrient loading to the river further.
- Review capacity at the WRC, considering growth in the catchment and climate change, and identify mitigation measures if required.
We are developing further long-term options that address and mitigate for climate change, development, urban creep and other future challenges as a part of the drainage and wastewater management plan process.